33 results found.
Creating Coalitions to End Extreme Sentencing for Women: Convening Proceedings
The third Alice Project convening, which took place in September 2020, brought together over 50 leaders in the fields of women’s rights, criminal system reform, and death penalty abolition. These proceedings summarize the participants’ strategic conversation about ending extreme sentencing for women in the United States.
Judged for More Than Her Crime: A Global Overview of Women Facing the Death Penalty
The cases of women condemned to death have revealed significant patterns of arbitrariness and gender-based discrimination in the application of the death penalty to women worldwide. This report illuminates these patterns and how gender creates uniquely precarious conditions for women facing capital sentences.
Justice refusée – Une étude mondiale sur les condamnations injustifiées dans les couloirs de la mort
Ce rapport explore le phénomène des condamnations injustifiées dans six juridictions différentes représentant un éventail de régions géographiques, de traditions juridiques et de contextes politiques. Il identifie dans chaque pays quels facteurs systémiques augmentent la probabilité que des personnes innocentes soient condamnées à mort.
Malawi Capital Resentencing Project: Selected Jurisprudence
The High Court of Malawi struck down the mandatory death penalty in 2007. In 2013, the Malawi Human Rights Commission initiated a resentencing project to ensure that the affected prisoners have an opportunity to present mitigating evidence at a new sentencing hearing. This publication interprets thirty-three judgments from those hearings, interpreting the mitigating and aggravating evidence in each case.
Malawi Mitigation Investigation Guide
The High Court of Malawi struck down the mandatory death penalty in 2007. In 2013, the Malawi Human Rights Commission created a resentencing project to give prisoners who had been mandatorily sentenced to death an opportunity to present their mitigating evidence. This guide helps paralegals and lawyers conduct effective mitigation investigation and community sensitization in the context of resentencing hearings triggered by the abolition of the mandatory death penalty.
Malawian Traditional Leaders’ Perceptives on Capital Punishment
This report examines surveys of traditional leaders in communities where former death row prisoners were released because of the Malawi Capital Resentencing Project. The most striking finding of this survey is that an overwhelming majority of the traditional leaders oppose the death penalty, most commonly because of their belief that people can change.
Navigating the Moral Minefields of Human Rights Advocacy in the Global South
This essay is guided by the concept of “reflective equilibrium,” a process that “involves going back and forth between our beliefs in the form of carefully considered judgments in response to a range of cases, the ethical principles that underlie those judgments, and the general theoretical considerations that support the ethical principles.” At a more prosaic level, it is an attempt to put into narrative form a sometimes disjointed and confusing amalgamation of experiences. As Kennedy notes, this gives rise to certain narrative choices that may ultimately obscure “the muddle of practice, experienced as a mix of intuition, confusion, and quick thinking” that sometimes characterizes human rights lawyering. But narrative choices are essential to any good story, and this article is, in essence, a tale about a human rights lawyer and her students who embarked on a journey of human rights advocacy in a foreign legal system. Along the way, they made good and bad decisions, were able to escape harm, and learned valuable lessons about their limits and potential. It is these lessons, many of them painful, that inspired this writing.
Pathways to Abolition of the Death Penalty
By the end of 2015, 104 countries had legally abolished the death penalty for all crimes. This report documents the processes by which 14 jurisdictions abolished the death penalty and identifies patterns in those processes. It provides insights, inspiration, and ideas to those working against the death penalty in countries that either are on the path to abolition or yet have to embark on it.
Peine de mort: les sentiers de l’abolition
Fin 2015, 104 pays avaient aboli en droit la peine de mort pour tous les crimes – soit plus de la moitié des deux cents États et territoires, au sens large du terme, que comprend à peu près la planète. Parmi ces pays, 61 l’ont abolie dans les années 1990 et 2000, donnant naissance à ce que nous estimons être à présent une tendance mondiale à l’abolition universelle de la peine capitale. Pendant la seule année 2015, quatre pays ont promulgué des lois abolissant complètement la peine de mort (Suriname, Fidji, Madagascar, République du Congo) et un cinquième État (la Mongolie) l’a proscrite pour honorer un engagement pris dans le cadre d’un traité international. Même dans les pays conservant la peine de mort dans leurs statuts, la peine capitale est rare : quarante-neuf États rétentionnistes n’ont pratiqué aucune exécution pendant au moins les dix dernières années. L’utilisation de la peine capitale est de plus en plus confinée à un nombre restreint de pays qui exécutent à grande échelle. Amnesty International a recensé les exécutions qui ont eu lieu dans vingt-cinq pays en 2015. 89 % de toutes les exécutions, Chine non comprise, sont imputables à trois pays : l’Iran, le Pakistan et l’Arabie saoudite. Si de grandes avancées ont été enregistrées en vue de l’abolition universelle de la peine capitale, il convient de ne pas oublier que, chaque année, des milliers de personnes sont exécutées, nombre d’entre elles suite à des procédures judiciaires ne se conformant pas aux normes en matière de procès équitable. Selon les statistiques d’Amnesty International, il y avait plus de vingt mille condamnés à mort dans le monde fin 2015.
Prison conditions for women facing the death penalty: a factsheet
There are at least 500 women on death row around the world, but they do not receive much attention in studies on the death penalty and the death row population. This factsheet examines the prison conditions that women on death row worldwide face, and includes profiles of women who were sentenced to death.
Representing Individuals Facing the Death Penalty: A Best Practices Manual
This manual provides lawyers with legal arguments and strategic guidance for their representation of individuals facing the death penalty. It sets forth best practices for defending capital cases and is based on the experiences of advocates around the world, international human rights principles, and the jurisprudence of national courts and international tribunals.
本手冊由全球死刑問題資料庫編寫 ，與美國西北大學法學院國際人權中心及德信律師事務所合作完成 。手冊旨在為世界各地的死刑辯護律師提供法律論據和策略指南 。手冊提出死刑辯護中的最佳做法 ，其來源是全球各地的實際經驗 、國際人權原則以及國家和國際法院判例 。我們希望本手冊能對各位有所裨益。
Access to Courts
Some individuals facing the death penalty lack access to impartial courts at trial and on appeal, in violation of every major human rights instrument.
Arbitrariness and the Death Penalty
Capital sentencing after unfair proceedings or tainted with racial, ethnic, geographic, economic, or other disparities violates international laws that prohibit states from taking people’s lives arbitrarily.
Death Row Conditions
Deplorable conditions on death row, including overcrowding, inadequate facilities, insufficient food, and subpar medical care, violate international norms and threaten prisoners’ health and lives.
Death Row Phenomenon
Recent jurisprudence supports the notion that prolonged incarceration under sentence of death, known as the “death row phenomenon,” constitutes cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishment.
International human rights law prohibits the discriminatory application of the death penalty on the grounds of race or ethnicity, gender, and other characteristics.
International law mandates that states strictly observe fair trial guarantees in capital cases, but many death penalty states fail to provide adequate procedural protections to capital defendants.
Some countries prohibit the application of the death penalty for individuals who are over a certain age at the time of the offense or sentence.
Many abolitionist countries refuse to extradite fugitives to death penalty states without assurances that authorities will not seek capital punishment.
The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations requires that states give detained foreign nationals facing capital charges immediate notice of their right to communicate with their consular representative.
Innocence and Wrongful Convictions
Many countries that practice capital punishment do not ensure that individuals receive fair trials, resulting in the conviction and execution of innocent people.
The execution of intellectually disabled individuals violates international law, but most death penalty countries lack diagnostic capacity and fail to adequately protect intellectually disabled individuals from capital punishment.
Juvenile Offenders and the Death Penalty
International customary law prohibits the execution of juvenile offenders, but juveniles may be executed in countries that lack national birth registries or legislation prohibiting the practice.
Most retentionist states, lacking trained lawyers and resources, do not provide effective legal representation to people facing the death penalty.
Mandatory Death Penalty
At least 28 countries continue to apply the mandatory death penalty, although a growing number of national courts recognize that under international law, mandatory death sentences are arbitrary and inhumane.
Although executing people with serious mental illness is unlawful under international law, many death penalty states continue to execute mentally ill prisoners.
Methods of Execution
Retentionist countries use a variety of execution methods, most of which international law deems cruel, inhuman, or degrading.
Moratoriums on executions play an increasingly important role in eliminating the death penalty but are vulnerable to expiration and may delay the global strategy to abolish the death penalty.
Most Serious Crimes
International law restricts the death penalty to intentional crimes with lethal consequences.
Public Opinion on the Death Penalty
In-depth studies reveal that public support for the death penalty is more nuanced, less widespread, and less intense than opinion polls and public officials often suggest.
Pregnant women and mothers of small children receive some protection from execution, but gender-based discrimination in the application of capital punishment remains a serious and understudied concern.
Capital Punishment, Mental Illness, and Intellectual Disability: The Failure to Protect Individuals with Mental Disorders Facing Execution
On September 25, 1992, just days after his family tried to have him committed to a psychiatric hospital, Kelsey Pattersonshot shot two people, removed all of his clothing except for a pair of socks, then waited in the street for the police to arrest him. Prosecutors charged him with capital murder. During his trial, Mr. Patterson frequently spoke of “remote control devices” and “implants” that controlled his behavior. The prosecution conceded that he was severely mentally ill. Nevertheless, he was convicted and condemned to death.